Wing Chung is Martial Arts self defense system that focuses on fighting and to channel energy to counter the opponents fighting techniques. It recognizes the difficulty that is associated with pressure during an attack and focuses not on offense but mainly on reactions. One counter attack to respond to your opponent’s move as a reflex; and to force and speed up the attack direction based on tactile information. Tactile information is interpreted faster than visual information by the brain hence your reaction time will be lower giving credit to the technique.
Wing Chun Kung Fu has eight principles that combine to enhance ones adaptation to the fighting style, strength, technique and size of an attack. It focus primarily on centre: your center and defending your balance while attacking your opponents center and destabilizing it; and finally being the center of the attack in order to use the opponents techniques to your advantage. These principles include four fighting principles and four energy principles.
Fighting principles include:
Going forward – strike first if you can when attacked; this will often act as a surprise to your attacker.
Avoid hands and arms and stick to the opponents’ center and destabilize it.
Yield to greater force – stronger opponents can be defeated with evasive reflexes to their strong attacks.
Follow through if your strike is met with a retreat. This generates momentum and disorients the attacker.
Energy principles include:
Give up your force in order to be relaxed. Being tense makes you defensive which may work against you.
Redirect your opponents force by evading especially against stronger opponents.
Use your attackers force against him which requires little effort on your part.
Add on to the attack with your own force to give your attack more magnitude.
The Mook Yan Jong or Wing Chun Wooden dummy
Legend says that the Shaolin temple was lined with 108 of these wooden dummies used by the monks to train. It was made in such a way that it mimicked attackers. These were great exercise programs because the Wooden Dummies are made to quicken responses of the fighter because of theirs resilience and reactive strikes. Due to their wooden form, the dummies also helped to harden the fighters’ hands and feet. After successfully learning on how to fight with the dummy, a fighter was considered to be ready for any attack.
Wing Chung techniques
The most basic and devastating Wing Chung Kung Fu strike is the straight punch. This technique is what is easily recognizable as a Wing Chung trademark. It has several variations that make it even more lethal. This includes the chain punch which is a straight punch combined with a quick follow through with a punch from the opposite direction. A roll punch combines three or more successive straight punches that are delivered like a machine gun.
Other techniques include:
Center and central line attacks – these attacks focus on a basic mathematical principle; the shortest distance is the fastest line of travel. These attacks deliver devastating results with lightning fast speed. This includes the palm strike and a vertical punch.
Side on attacks – this is usually ideal when the opponent has their guard up. Attacking from the side usually opens then up and drops their defense. The attacks here include the chop, Fook sau, and the fut sao.