Kickboxing is a generic term that defines all fight sports impactor characterized by:
– Nordic Combined between the two combatants exchange blows, with varying degrees of permissiveness of contact (from limited contact and limited number of shots to shots unlimited number and contact for knockout of opponent – “fullcontact”);
– Time to fight divided into halves with a variety of rest between rounds;
– Performance fight in terms of supervision by referees and security rules for athletes designed to avoid injuries in the highest irreversible;
– The use of impact sets of processes allowed, depending on several groups of rules, which may include shots of arm, leg, knee and elbow;
– Limiting the design and interdiction techniques grappling techniques (hanging, articular processes, choke, fight to the ground).
In combat sports, kickboxing is considered as belonging to the family sports “striking arts (sport contact), unlike combat sports where victory is obtained by Design / immobilizer / strangulation / joint processes, known as” grappling ” (examples – judo, wrestling, jujutsu, etc..) and mixed disciplines (known as “Mixed Martial Arts or MMA) that are allowed in various degrees and snap and throw the opponent (examples – UFC, ValeTudo, Pankration ).
Kickboxing is, according to promoter organization, several sets of rules that generate combat disciplines. Besides the actual fighting disciplines, subjects practiced demonstration (non-combative).
Historically, similar to kickboxing combat sports were practiced in ancient times, there is an attestation of martial competitions such since early antiquity (ancient Egypt). With regard to terms of kickboxing, it made a difference between the notion of kickboxing which was dedicated as a generic term for combat sports impactor ( “striking arts) and kickboxing understand the evolution of fighting styles of martial arts to sport martial.
Kickboxing, the evolution of fighting styles to sport martial, has two roots:
– Kickboxing “high-kick” or full-contact.
He appeared in martial arts (mainly karate and taekwondo) modified by practitioners in Europe and America, the desire to create a ring sport kicks based on the mentioned styles combined with techniques from boxing classic arm. It was initially called “full contact karate”, then “high kick Kickboxing (allowing kicks just above the belt) or simply,” full contact.
The pioneers of the discipline is George Bruckner, WAKO founder and organizer of sports events like the first world and Dominic Valera (in Europe) and in the USA – Mike Anderson, Bill Wallace and Benny Urquidez. The term full contact to anglo-saxons has become synonymous with kickboxing high kick, of Asian origin (mostly Japanese), with roots in the evolution of styles drawn from Kyokushin Karate. The set of rules kick box low kick, besides arsenal of full contact, allowed hits to the tibia on both the outer thigh and the inside (low kicks).
Tadashi Nakamura, Kenji Kurosaki and – together with Akio Fujiwara, known as Noboru Osawa are founders Kickboxing Japanese entered the international nomenclature as “low kick” or “Oriental Rules Kickboxing. Former pupils of the famous Masutatsu Oyama Kyokushin Karate father, they were part of the team that was awarded by karateka defeat the best Muay Thai fighters in 1962 following a challenge to all of them practitioners of Japanese martial arts, which Kyokushinkaikan only dared to answer. Kurosaki sensei is an industry leader learned from Kyokushin and close associate of Jon Bluming, founder of Kyokushin Budokai.Nakamura, the student and then colleague Kurosaki is the founder of Seido Karate style
Pioneers are lowkick rules kickboxing with Japanese fighters of Mas Oyama’s team that fought and won for the first time a team of top Muay Thai fighters as a result of the challenge addressed by these practitioners of karate in the early ’60s: Tadashi Nakamura, Akio Fujiwara and Kenji Kurosaki.
The result was a calamity now already obsolete (and in my opinion and the unfortunate, given that led to the formation of many prejudices) between practitioners of Kyokushin Karate and Muay Thai. It started with this challenge, now legendary arrived, addressed to practitioners of Muay Thai and karate in the early ’60s and has resulted in 3 matches of a team of renowned practitioners of Kyokushin mentioned above and 3 Muay Thai fighters. It ended with a victory in favor of Japanese trained 2.1 of Mas Oyama. There are also a show of enmity against the Thai boxing styles that fullcontact practitioners, especially in America, have benefited from a real (and aggressive) marketing of their promoters, was described as “invincible fighters. Frequently, however, the fullcontact warriors who fight with thaiboxeri hazardous under Muay Thai rules, due to lack of experience in the more permissive set of rules, they end up being taken from the ring of teammates, with hips “chopped”! In response, practitioners of Oriental rules always remember the aforementioned Japanese victory in the first fight with Thai and that the fight as Akio Fujiwara (ring name got known as known as Noboru Osawa) were gone from Kyokushin stylists who became Muay Thai champions managed to defeat the Thai in their homes (Noboru Osawa not only won the first game mentioned above, but became also the first non-Thai who managed to win a championship Lumpini stadium – the Rated professionals of Muay Thai). These wins are circulated as arguments “decisive” in favor of a style or another for many practitioners. Personally, I think these discussions are actually sterile quarrels that do not lead anywhere.
If one carefully examines the way the rules give shape to a course of struggle, will always find interesting things in all disciplines of “striking”. Full contact the rules of the cotact over the belt has combinations of dynamic and spectacular shots alternating arm and foot, way to move the ring very dynamic, with players of steps versatile, agile. Oriental Rules (low kick) means you handle the aggressive shots to the thigh and excellent boxing technique involved, which resembles that of classic boxing game but is a step and a much different dynamic blows. Low kick rules not allowing grabs, fighters must be able to avoid his opponent, have excellent sense of distance when launching processes box, sense of balance, very good game with timing steps, after many rounds you have low kicks changed and each athlete has thighs more or less “Massacre”, you must have boxing explosive and highly combative spirit to dampen opponent and go to Thai victorie.Muay is impeccable logic to a combination arm-leg and elbow -knee, has a great sense of balance needed to drive grabs both the hardness and suppleness. In most federations kickboxing disciplines where there are more restrictive than the rules of sports full contact. Light contact format has the same rules as on processes full contact high kick shots allowed but must be given to control not allowed assault with intent to knockl-out. Score is given depending on the accuracy, speed and number of techniques are placed. Light contact is open to juniors especially, in most countries (with the notable exception of Thailand) being allowed the deployment of combat full contact booked under the age of 18 years.
Semi contact format and rules are more restrictive, the fight was interrupted by the referee at the first available shot, the score that is given and then the match resumes. Semi contact is closest to the fighting system of traditional karate, is known in countries anglo-saxons the same generic name ( “pointfighting”)
Although practitioners sometimes express opinions full contact contemptuous about subjects with restrictive rules, they ultimately their usefulness – or as a tool for developing sports skills to kids who want to fight the lord full contact (light contact) is for people who have no intention full contact become fighters but will develop skills in self defense Elementary (semi contact, is a style based on quick strikes, is to develop a good self defense techniques like “bite and run”). Not related to risks of injury that full contact subjects, half-and light contact allow a broad base of mass sports and are spectacular and useful a good physical condition.
Given this, I think all sports fans, fighters and trainers “where they choose. The best amateur fighters usually fight more than one discipline or even all, even if they eventually specialize in one more than in others. Official organizations promote events in all sets of rules so that trainers and fighters to make better use of skills depending on individual abilities selective. After all, who is the best rule is not a problem because a good fighter is a good fighter and no matter what limits will be imposed by way of practice and the quality available. So my opinion is that “room for everyone under the sun”. Technical Section of this site will include detailed discussion and images of training routines and specific techniques of each discipline.